The Hungarian University for Public Services

Harald Pöcher

 

In 2012 the „Nemzeti Közsolgálati Egytem/National University for Public Services“ was founded inBudapest. As the location for the university the building at Ludovica Ter - steeped in history - was selected, which had been intended to be the first training centre for higher military training inHungaryin 1808 already. By founding this new university, the Orban Government deliberately aimed at improving the higher education of public employees, by merging the knowledge of the formerDefenceUniversity, the Police Officers University, and the Faculty of Public Administration of Corvinus University. In 2015 a Faculty of European and International Studies was added. The essay at hand looks behind the scenes of the new university and thus tries to present in detail the advantages the new university offers to the students in the course of their studies, and which vocational prospects the students can expect after having finished their studies successfully. Furthermore, the author compares the education of public employees inHungarywith the education of public employees inAustria, thus - based upon the results of this comparison - deducing recommendations for the education of public employees inAustria. There are great differences concerning education and training of public employees. Whereas inHungaryall future public employees can finish their studies under the same roof of one single university, the education inAustriais dissipated and complex even for insiders. Considering the fact that dissipation in similar educational contents - in comparison with central education - is always along with efficiency disadvantages, the Hungarian system must be considered superior to the Austrian system. Another reason for this is the fact that all public employees in Hungary who have finished their academic education at the University for Public Services can produce a university degree, unlike in Austria, where they only have a Polytechnic degree, unless they make use of the study variety of the respective vocational academies. This statement of the author is by no means supposed to be understood as an abasement of the Polytechnic as an institution; it is, however, a fact that a Polytechnic is inferior to a university in the hierarchy of academic studies. From the author’s point of view it is highly recommendable inAustriato use the model of theHungarianUniversityfor Public Services as an opportunity to think about the education and training of public employees under the same roof of a new university still to be founded. The advantages of anAustrianUniversityfor Public Services are obvious. By means of synergy effects the education and training of the public employees could be executed in a more reasonable way. All categories of public employees could learn from each other, and, what is more, the esprit de corps of the public employees could be reinvigorated, and thus animosities between the groups could be removed.