Contemporary global mass migration II
Security-political aspects of the refugees crisis in Europe
According to the new edition of the „Fischer Weltalmanach 2017“ stressing security, this topic appertains “the public goods to be guaranteed by the state: protection of the citizen and the polity at home and abroad”. Security-political planning and operational security permanently look for orientation how to confront the new challenges and risks. Not new, but rapidly increasing is the problem of international and trans-continental mass migration and their effects on the security, economic and social systems of the EU-states, the USA, Australia and other countries of destination. Experts call the so-called „refugees question” one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. As has been shown in part I of this analysis, international and trans-continental mass migration is a result of population growth, climatic change, and the prosperity descent between the countries of origin and the countries of destination. These changes will be the central conflict causes of the future. According to the Deutsche Stiftung Weltbevölkerung, on 1st January 2017 almost 7,5 billion have lived on earth, about 83 millions of people more than one year previously – approximately the number of inhabitants in Germany. According to this report, nine out of ten people could be living in a developing country. Global migration will remain a permanent challenge for European security policy. Mass migration is dominating the political discussions inEurope. Especially EU-Europe is called for in respect of the increasing numbers of refugees, and there are no signs for a change in the forecasts and facts. For this reason, a central question arises: How can global migration be opposed by the countries of destination?
The prevailing answers to this question are:
In the long term we ought to strive for evening out the present prosperity descent.
- In the short term illegal immigration should be regulated.
- When globally assessing mass migration one can basically find out that the classic countries of destination USA, Canada and Australia are separated from the countries of origin (except Mexico) by oceans. To Europe, which so far has not been a classic area of destination because of its territorial size and its many inhabitants, the refugees travel on land from their regions of origin (except theMediterranean). The airway, however, must not be underestimated.