Reform endeavours for a rearrangement of the UN Security Council

Interests – models - perspectives

Heinz Brill

 

Eighteen years after the millennium celebrations the world has finally arrived in the new millennium. Like every “paradigm shift” in world policy, the present geo-political power shifts, too, provoke the international strategic elite to make forecasts. In their drafts, these experts call the 21st century by adjectives such as American, Pacific, Asian, unipolar (American), bipolar (democracies/autocracies), multipolar, European, or “Chimerican” (USA/China). Thus, world policy is standing at the beginning of a new era as far as the discussion of its political procedures is concerned. Because of the new situation of the world, political scientists, historians, geographers, economists, public international lawyers, media theoreticians, and others, try to develop inventory control and/or an outline of the political forces and of the coherences in a world political perspective. International institutions such as UN, EU, NATO, IBRD, WTO, IWF etc. as well as their member states are confronted by numerous reform suggestions as to how the new geo-political realities could be better respected. Thus, for instance, China’s “Silk Road Project” could replace the WTO. In a newly arranged Security Council the totally unbalanced representation of the continents is to be removed. And here immediately the question arises who will be supposed to represent the single world regions as permanent members in the UN Security Council. Nearly all states agree that the Security Council should be extended, particularly as it mirrors the historical exceptional situation at the end of the Second World War concerning extent, consistence and the distributions of privileges. The maxim that both developing countries and those UN members who contribute the majority to the UN budget ought to carry more weight is still common practice. It is, however, difficult to agree on concrete candidates. The present reform endeavours concerning the expansion of the Security Council, the number of members and the side agreements with whomever, can only be accomplished in the framework of a general UN organisation and assignment reform. If the interests of the powers ever were able for mutual consent, a modified composition of the Security Council would be made on the following negotiating basis:

- First, in a so-called „framework resolution“, the future extent of the Security Council – that is the number of the future permanent and non-permanent – and the issue of power of veto would be determined.

- Afterwards candidature and election of the new permanent members would follow.

-And finally, the respective modification of the UN-Charta would have to be decided with a two-third majority of all 194 member states and ratified by the respective parliaments.

The „G2“-world order will probably be re-established. This time, however, the global power coordinates will obviously be realigned omitting the Kremlin, with the USA and China determining the bearing. Here the words of Henry Kissinger are: “The rise of China is irrevocable and must be controlled and attended in cooperation and dialogue.